Keeping your best employees is more important than ever in today’s tough business world. Many employees leaving cause problems with the workflow and cost a lot to hire and train new people. But now that predictive analytics is available, businesses have a strong way to predict employee loss and make plans to keep employees. 

In fact, a study shows that 84% of marketing leaders are using predictive analytics in their strategies, with 95% of companies integrating AI-powered predictive analytics into their marketing strategies.

This blog post details how predictive analytics changes how companies keep employees, how it works, and how companies can use this technology in their HR departments.

YOU MAY ALSO LIKE: 4 core HR areas where adoption of artificial intelligence (AI) is increasing

Understanding Predictive Analytics in HR

Predictive analytics is all about using past data, statistical tools, and machine learning methods to determine what is likely to happen in the future. In HR, this means looking at records and employee behavior to guess how many people might leave. This way of doing things can change how companies handle their employees by letting them deal with problems before they get worse.

The Role of Data in Predictive Analytics

Predictive analytics is built on data. HR offices collect a wide range of information about their employees, from basic demographics to more in-depth information about performance, involvement, attendance, and even how they use social media. Once this data is handled, it can show employees’ satisfaction with their jobs and which employees are most likely to leave the company.

How Predictive Analytics Enhances Retention Strategies

Companies can switch from reacting to proactive tactics for keeping employees when they use predictive analytics. Instead of dealing with change after the fact, HR can use data to find early warning signs and step in. For example, if data shows a strong link between manager comments and employee happiness, HR can work to improve training programs for managers to make the workplace friendlier.

Methodology Behind Predictive Analytics in HR

Using predictive analytics in human resources is a careful process with several important steps. Each step is important to ensure that predictions are correct and that actions based on those predictions work. Here’s a more in-depth look at how predictive analytics are used in human resources:

Data Collection

The foundation of any predictive analytics project is robust data collection. HR departments must gather comprehensive data points that can influence employee turnover. This includes basic employee information such as age, tenure, role, and salary and more nuanced data like job satisfaction scores, engagement levels, performance ratings, frequency of promotions, training undertaken, and absenteeism. Additionally, incorporating qualitative data from exit interviews, employee surveys, and peer reviews can provide deeper insights into the factors driving employee dissatisfaction and attrition.

Data Preparation

After data is gathered, it needs to be cleaned up and made ready to be analyzed. This is an important step because data often comes from different places and may have mistakes, missing numbers, or inconsistencies. Cleaning the data, dealing with missing values, standardizing data types, and making a single file that can be used for more research are all parts of data preparation. This process ensures that the data is accurate and of good quality, which in turn makes any forecast model made from it more accurate.

Data Analysis

Scientists or data analysts do exploratory data analysis at this point to find patterns and trends in the data. They might use statistical tests to find important patterns or connections to help them guess when people will leave. More complex methods, like factor analysis or principal component analysis, could be used to simplify the data and find the most important factors that affect employee retention.

Model Building

Building the predictive model is a complex but crucial step. Analysts select appropriate algorithms based on the nature of the data and the specific objectives of the HR department. Commonly used predictive modeling techniques in HR include logistic regression, random forests, and gradient-boosting machines. The selected algorithm will learn from the historical data patterns to predict outcomes such as the likelihood of an employee leaving the organization. This model is then trained with a portion of the data and validated using another set to check its accuracy and effectiveness.

employee retention
Predictive Analytics in Employee Retention Strategies: A Game Changer for HR 2 -

Model Testing and Refinement

After the initial model is built, it undergoes rigorous testing and refinement. This involves running the model on new data sets to ensure it generalizes well to unseen data. Evaluating the model’s performance using metrics like accuracy, precision, recall, and the area under the ROC curve is crucial. Feedback from these tests leads to refinements in the model, such as adjusting parameters, incorporating new data, or even revisiting the choice of modeling technique if necessary.

Deployment

The predictive model is finally ready for deployment once tested and refined. This involves integrating the model into the HR management systems where it can run in real-time or near-real-time, analyzing incoming data and providing insights on an ongoing basis. Deployment also requires setting up a user interface where HR professionals can easily access predictions and insights and act upon them.

Monitoring and Maintenance

Continuous monitoring of the model’s performance is essential to ensure its accuracy and relevance post-deployment. Changes in employee behavior, company policy, or the economic environment can all influence the model’s effectiveness. Regular audits and updates to the model are necessary to adapt to any such changes and maintain the reliability of its predictions.

Challenges and Ethical Considerations

While predictive analytics can be extremely beneficial, it comes with challenges and ethical considerations.

Data Privacy and Security

Handling personal and potentially sensitive data requires stringent data privacy and security measures. Organizations must ensure that employee data is protected and that analytics practices comply with legal standards.

Risk of Bias

If the underlying data is biased, predictive models can inadvertently perpetuate existing biases. Therefore, it is crucial for organizations to regularly review and update their models to minimize bias.

Transparency and Trust

Employers must maintain transparency about how employee data is used. Building trust with employees is essential to ensure that predictive analytics is seen as a positive step toward improving the workplace rather than an invasive surveillance measure.

Conclusion

How companies try to keep their employees has changed a lot because of predictive analytics. Businesses can improve job happiness, lower unemployment, and keep a happy, more involved staff by using data to predict and deal with problems before they happen. But, like any other strong tool, it needs to be used honestly and responsibly. If used correctly, predictive analytics can save money and make the workplace more helpful and useful. Technology is being used increasingly in HR, which means that companies will be able to develop even more creative ways to keep their best employees.

YOU MAY ALSO LIKE: Machine learning in human resources: how it works & its real-world applications

Read the latest HR tech trends and bites on iTMunch!

Feature Image Source: Photo by rawpixel.com

Image 1 Source: Photo by creativeart